In Uttar Pradesh, there is more population of Kurmis. Mostly, they are found in each district less or more. They are divided in many branches , some of them are as –Kannoujiya , Ghodchade , Patanwar , Jayswar , Sainthwar , Mall , Sachan , Katiyar , Singraur, Chandel , Uttam , Umrao , Athariya , Gangwar Vaiswar , Sonman, Sonvan , Niranjan etc. They have holding the title Singh- Chaudhary , Kannojiya , Katiyar , Mall , Niranjan , Sachan , Ray , Rawat , Verma, Umrao , rathour , etc. The main occupation of Kurmi in U.P. is agriculture. They are farmer of higher order and are accomplished.
In Kanpur District, Mostly there are living Sachan, Katiyar, Umrao, Uttam, Verma, and in proper Kanpur city lives also other races of Kurmis who shifted from other districts. Sachan finds in Ghatampur and Bhognipur parganas and Katiyar finds in Bilhour and Bhognipur parganas, Uttam, Umrao finds partially in Kanpur and Ghatampur parganas. The Kurmis of Kanpur district belongs to the rural area. But in present time, they are moving towards urban areas and they have established different occupations in accordance with their sources.
********* BASICALLY SACHAN IS A VENUE NEAR AURANGABAD IN MAHARASHTRA STATE. THE RESIDENT OF THIS PLACE WAS CALLED THE MARATHA SACHAN.
—– KATIYAR’S LINEAGE IS TANWAR AND THEIR STATE WAS IN RAJASTHAN. AND UMRAO ARE ORIGINALLY PANWAR, ALSO THEIR STATE WERE IN RAJASTHAN. ACCORDING TO DISTRICT GAZETEER OF KANPUR.
In 18th century, the total population of cultivator Kurmis was twenty percentages in the Kanpur district. In 1901, the total population of Kurmis in Hindu’s population were registered 54328 i.e. 4.76% , out of them one-third part in Bhognipur pargana , one-fifth part in Ghatampur pargana and remaining part were in Bilhour pargana .
***KURMI WORD IS THE PROPER NOUN OF EXCELLENT KSHATRIYA. ***
Therefore, How many form of word Kurmi have found, all are formed according to grammar and all have the same meaning which have the meaning of word the kurmi. This means workmanship, brave, warrior, governor (ruler) etc.
Hence, Kurmi casts is of the purely Kshatriya varna. It has been proved from Historical evidences that the forefather of Kurmi race were higher order brave and warrior Kshtriya. ‘Maharishi’ Kurm was Kshatriya and his descendents are too Kshatriya.
KURMI IN UTTAR PRADESH:
Mostly, the name of families, descendents or castes to be put on their forefather’s name. This rule also followed for the nomenclature of caste Kurmi.
MARRIAGE CULTURE IN KURMI PARIVAR:
In Kurmis division an increasing number of marriages are taking place against the grain of traditional hierarchy. One may say that there are now more hypogenous marriages, although another and perhaps a realistic way of looking at the change would be that a new hierarchy is replacing the traditional one. The Dowry system not only continues to be a symbol of status in the new hierarchy but is gradually replacing bride price wherever it existed, and dowry amounts are now reaching astronomical heights.
The pattern of inter-divisional marriages taken place now a day’s which guides most of the inter caste marriage, is restricted, modified and graded according to the traditional structure of caste divisions. The marriages are being deeply affected by rising at marriage in this division. Although legislation in this regard has helped, it is not the main factor behind the rise. The main factors are education, time taking in establishing oneself in a job or business and the ideal of late marriage propagated as a social reform . With the increasing age at marriage, boys and girls are demanding a say in arranging their marriage. The change is slow, this change is found in higher status families in towns and city. But mostly, If a boy and a girl violated the rules of caste there used to be a great deal of opposition and even ostracism from the parents. In arranging the marriages of their children, the parents began to take account of their likes and dislikes.
The most children allows to their parents to search for suitable partner for them in consultation with them. This mutual adjustment is a result of a socialization process, in which, not just the parents, but the entire network of relative take part. The parents have spotted a suitable boy or girl, they arrange an interview between two for the search spouse, frequently in a third person’s home. On The basis of interview results, the respective decisions are then conveyed through an intermediary. A successful one settles the engagement. And also the parents decide to take dowry. The dowry decided on the basis of boy’s profession. It has seen that in Kurmis the trend of dowry system is more than other backward caste even Brahmins and Thakur. The all rituals are completed by Brahmin. Some decade before the Kurmis of kanpur district were not make kinship to each-other i.e. Sachan in Katiyars and Katiyar in Sachan or Uttam in Sachan, Umrao and Vice versa . But now a day’s make kinship to each-other by doing marriages into each races.
Collected by Mr. Bhupendra Sachan and composed /shared by Swatantra Kumar Sachan
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